GraalVM Native Image Plugin¶
native-image compiles Java programs AOT (ahead-of-time) into native binaries.
https://www.graalvm.org/docs/reference-manual/aot-compilation/ documents the AOT compilation of GraalVM.
The plugin supports both using a local installation of the GraalVM
native-image utility, or building inside a
Docker container. If you intend to run the native image on Linux, then building inside a Docker container is
recommended since GraalVM native images can only be built for the platform they are built on. By building in a Docker
container, you can build Linux native images not just on Linux but also on Windows and macOS.
To build using a local installation of GraalVM, you must have the
native-image utility of GraalVM in your
native-image quick installation¶
To get started quickly, eg make
native-image available in your
you may reuse the script that is used for sbt-native-packager’s continuous integration.
To do so, run the following. It will install GraalVM 1.0.0-rc8.
source <(curl -o - https://raw.githubusercontent.com/sbt/sbt-native-packager/master/.travis/download-graalvm)
sbt 'show graalvm-native-image:packageBin'
native-image Executable Command (Pay attention if you are using Windows OS)
PATH does not work for Windows.
native-image is a batch file in Windows that calls another executable to compile the Java classes to a standalone executable. Therefore, the full path to the batch file e.g.
C:\Program Files\Java\graalvm\bin\native-image.cmd must be provided. It is important to include
Set this parameter to point to
native-image.cmd. For Linux, set this parameter if it is inconvenient to make
native-imageavailable in your
For example:graalVMNativeImageCommand := "C:/Program Files/Java/graalvm/bin/native-image.cmd"
Docker Image Build Settings¶
By default, a local build will be done, expecting the
native-image command to be on your
PATH. This can be
customized using the following settings.
Setting this enables generating a Docker container to build the native image, and then building it in that container. It must correspond to a valid version of the Oracle GraalVM Community Edition Docker image. This setting has no effect if
containerBuildImageis explicitly set.
For example:graalVMNativeImageGraalVersion := Some("19.1.1")
Explicitly set a build image to use. The image must execute the Graal
native-imagecommand as its entry point. It can be configured like so:containerBuildImage := Some("my-docker-username/graalvm-ce-native-image:19.1.1")
A helper is provided to automatically generate a container build image from a base image that contains a Graal installation. For example, if you have a GraalVM enterprise edition docker image, you can turn it into a native image builder like so:containerBuildImage := GraalVMNativeImagePlugin.generateContainerBuildImage("example.com/my-username/graalvm-ee:latest")
The plugin will not build the native image container builder if it finds it in the local Docker registry already. The native image builders tag name can be seen in the logs if you wish to delete it to force a rebuild, in the above case, the name will be
- Extra options that will be passed to the
native-imagecommand. By default, this includes the name of the main class.
If you are building the image in a docker container, and you have any resources that need to be available to the
native-image command, such as files passed to
-H:ReflectionConfigurationFiles, you can place these in your projects
src/graal directory. Any files in there
will be made available to the
native-image docker container under the path
The GraalVM Native Image plugin provides the following commands:
- Generates a native image using GraalVM.